|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2018
|Income Taxes [Abstract]|
10. INCOME TAXES
Sections 382 and 383 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, provide for annual limitations on the utilization of net operating loss and credit carryforwards if the Company were to undergo an ownership change, as defined in Section 382 of the Code. In general, an ownership change occurs whenever the percentage of the shares of a corporation owned, directly or indirectly, by 5-percent shareholders, as defined in Section 382 of the Code, increases by more than 50 percent over the lowest percentage of the shares of such corporation owned, directly or indirectly, by such 5-percent shareholders at any time over the preceding three years. In the event such ownership change occurs, the annual limitation may result in the expiration of the net operating losses prior to full utilization. The Company has completed a study to assess whether an ownership change has occurred or whether there have been multiple ownership changes since the Company became a “loss corporation” under the Code. As disclosed, the Company has taken these limitations into account in determining its available NOL’s.
During 2012 and 2013, the Company acquired 100% of a Puerto Rican limited liability company, thereby subjecting the Company to Puerto Rico income taxes on any Puerto Rico-sourced taxable income. Such taxes paid are considered foreign taxes that may be credited against federal income taxes payable in future years.
The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has completed its examination of the Company’s 2013 Federal corporation income tax return. The Company has agreed to certain adjustments proposed by the IRS and is appealing others. Separately, the IRS has questioned the Company’s classification of certain individuals as independent contractors rather than employees. The Company estimates its potential liability to be $165 but the liability, if any, upon final disposition of these matters is uncertain.
The Company’s 2016 Federal corporation income tax return is currently under examination.
The entire disclosure for income taxes. Disclosures may include net deferred tax liability or asset recognized in an enterprise's statement of financial position, net change during the year in the total valuation allowance, approximate tax effect of each type of temporary difference and carryforward that gives rise to a significant portion of deferred tax liabilities and deferred tax assets, utilization of a tax carryback, and tax uncertainties information.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef